MCQs in Periodontology

Chapter 5: Gingival Pathology

 

 

 

  1. The tissue change that is seen in chronic gingivitis:

 

  1. Reparative
  2. Destructive
  3. Both of the above
  4. None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: C

 

  1. Leathery consistency of gingiva is caused by:

 

  1. Fibrosis of connective tissue
  2. Epithelial proliferation
  3. Both of the above
  4. None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: C

 

  1. Vesicle formation in gingiva is caused by:

 

  1. Degeneration of collagen
  2. Degeneration of ground substance
  3. Rupture of epithelial cell walls
  4. Vascular degeneration in connective tissue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: C

 

  1. The severity of recession is measured as the distance between:

 

  1. Gingival margin and cementoenamel-junction
  2. Cementoenamel junction and bottom of pocket·
  3. Bottom of the pocket and gingival margin
  4. Gingival margin and bottom of pocket

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: B

 

  1. The earliest clinical sign of chronic gingival inflammation:

 

  1. Erythema
  2. Loss of stippling
  3. Oedema
  4. Bleeding on probing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: D

 

  1. The predominant inflammatory cell in gingival sites that bleed on probing:

 

  1. PMN cell
  2. Plasma cell
  3. Lymphocyte
  4. Macrophage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: B

 

  1. Clinical sign of active tissue destruction in periodontitis:

 

  1. Colour change
  2. Loss of stripping
  3. Mobility
  4. Bleeding on probing

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: D

 

  1. Abnormal gingival bleeding can be caused by all of the following except:

 

  1. Uremia
  2. Hyperglycemia
  3. Hypoprothrombinemia
  4. Leukaemia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: B

 

  1. which of the following components of gingiva does not affect its colour:

 

  1. Vascularity
  2. Ground substance
  3. Fibrosis
  4. Keratinization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: B

 

  1. The gingival stomatitis is:

 

  1. Marginal
  2. Diffuse
  3. Patch-like colour change · in herpetic
  4. Papillary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: B

 

  1. Whitish gray discolouration of gingival is seen in:

 

  1. Subacute inflammation "
  2. · Acute inflammation
  3. Severely acute inflammation
  4. Chronic inflammation

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: C

 

  1. Metallic pigmentation of gingival is treated by:

 

  1. Gingivectomy
  2. Gingivoplasty
  3. Discontinuing the metal containing drug
  4. Reducing inflammation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: D

 

  1. Endogenous gingival pigmentation can be caused by all of the following except:

 

  1. Iron
  2. Bilirubin
  3. Melanin
  4. Tetracycline

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: D

 

  1. All of the following can. be induce colour changes in the gingival except:

 

  1. Diabetes
  2. Uraemia
  3. Pregnancy
  4. Leukaemia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: B

 

  1. All of the' exogenous factors can cause gingival colour changes except:

 

  1. Coal dust
  2. Tobacco
  3. Alchohol
  4. Amalgam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: C

 

  1. The prevaience of gingivai recession in people who are older than 50 years:

 

  1. 40%
  2. 60%
  3. 80%
  4. 100%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: D

 

  1. Which of the following is not an established cause for gingival recession:

 

  1. Physiologk aging process
  2. Cumulative effect of pathological processes
  3. Repeated trauma
  4. Periodontal disease

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: A

 

  1. Gingival abrasion ·is caused by:

 

  1. Faulty 11rushing
  2. Soft tissue friction
  3. Tooth malposition
  4. High frenal attachment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: A

 

  1. Which of the following is usually not caused by gingival recession:

 

  1. Hypersensitivity
  2. Root caries
  3. Periodontal abscess
  4. Pulpal hyperaemia

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: C

 

  1. Alterations of gingival contours are mostly associated with:

 

  1. Recession
  2. Atrophy
  3. Enlargement
  4. Desquamation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: C

 

  1. Stillman's clefts are caused by:

 

  1. Inflammation
  2. Trauma from occlusion
  3. Genetic factors
  4. Developmental defects

 

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: A

 

  1. Which of the following conditions requires gingivoplasties as it creates gingival defects:

 

  1. ANUG
  2. Desquamative gingivitis
  3. Erosive Lichen Planus
  4. Acute Herpatic gingivostomatitis

 

 

 

 

The answer is: A

 

  1. One common Radiographic finding in clinical gingivitis:

 

  1. Vertical Bone loss
  2. Normal Bone pattern
  3. Horizontal Bone loss
  4. Increase in Bone density

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: B

 

  1. Vincent’s angina is a fusospirochetal infection of:

 

  1. Marginal gingival.
  2. Oropharynx and throat.
  3. Heart.
  4. Larynx and colon.
  5. Middle ear and small intestine.

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: B

 

  1. False gingival enlargement is caused by:

 

  1. Underlying drug induced gingival enlargement.
  2. Underlying inflammation of periodontal ligament.
  3. Underlying dental and osseous structures.
  4. By epulis.
  5. Sarcoidosis.

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: C

 

  1. Subclinical gingivitis is:

 

  1. Characterized by vascular proliferation.
  2. Characterized by predominantly lymphocytes microscopically.
  3. Characterized by predominantly plasma cells microscopically.
  4. Characterized by erythema, bleeding on probing.
  5. Characterized by increased crevicular fluid flow and infillration of sulcular and junctional epithelium by polymorphonuclear leukocytes.

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: E

 

  1. The amount of gingival crevicular fluid is:

 

  1. Decreased when inflammation is present.
  2. Increase by trauma from occlusion.
  3. Decreased by mastication of coarse foods and smoking.
  4. Decreased by ovulation and hormonal contraceptives.
  5. Increased by tooth brushing and gingival massage.

 

 

 

 

 

The answer is: E